Name: Caenagnathasia martinsoni
Meaning: Caenagnathasia combines the group this dinosaur belonged to – the caenagnathids – with Asia, where it once lived. The species name honours invertebrate palaeontologist Gerbert Genrikhovich Martinson.
Age: Cretaceous, around 90 million years ago.
Where in the world?: The Bissekty Formation of Uzbekistan’s Kyzylkum Desert.
Size: About two feet long.
How much of the dinosaur’s body is known?: Three pieces of the lower beak, several vertebrae, and part of a femur.
Claim to fame: Among the oviraptorosaurs – bipedal, feathery dinosaurs with parrot-like beaks – Caenagnathasia is the smallest yet discovered. Caenagnathasia was also closely related to oviraptorosaurs found in North America, indicating that the ancestors of North American species like Anzu had migrated over from Asia.
Sues, H., Averianov, A. 2014. New material of Caenagnathasia martinsoni (Dinosauria: Theropoda: Oviraptorosauria) from the Bissekty Formation (Upper Cretaceous: Turonian) of Uzbekistan. Cretaceous Research. 54: 50-59. doi: 10.1016/j.cretres.2014.12.001